Different Planting Styles For Your Japanese Garden


A bridge over a body of water

In general, Japanese garden plants include two types of plants: flowering perennials and flowering annuals. Annuals are said to be representative of Japan because they live less than one year. Perennial plants, on the other hand, can be thought of as representative of traditional Japan. They live longer than two years.

Flowers are very common in Japanese gardens. Almost all flowers are used. Spring is the season for flowering. Flowers are generally used as centerpieces, in combination with shrubs, vines and trees. Low-growing trees and shrubs complete the flower garden.

Various Trees

Kinkaku-ji over a body of water

Trees are common in Japanese garden plants. Bamboo, maple, ash, cherry, plum, bamboo and maple trees are found everywhere in Japan. Shrubs, vines and bushes make up the rest of the soil.

Some of the most common trees are maples, oaks, cedars, goldenwoods and Japanese maple trees. Some of the most rare, but beautiful, are hibiscus, sycamore, camellia, plum and bilberry. Most plants in a Japanese garden are evergreen. This means that they grow back every year. The exception is certain flowering perennials, which only bloom for a limited period each year.

Size And Shape

A close up of a flower garden

Other characteristics of Japanese garden plants are their size and shape. Plants are kept small to allow for easy maneuvering around in tight spaces. Smaller plants also help conserve water and space. The Japanese garden design always keeps the entrance areas clear so you can see right into the house.

One of the great things about Japanese garden plants is that you can plant almost anything you want. The hardiest plants tend to be deciduous, which means they shed their leaves every autumn. You can plant these plants as single specimens or as small groups. Some examples of deciduous plants are the date palm, hibiscus, and agave.

There are two other kinds of Japanese garden plants other than the ones mentioned above. These are ornamental grasses and rocks. They are used as barriers to make the gardens look more interesting. Both ornamental grasses and rocks are commonly seen in Japanese garden designs.

As you can see there are many different types of plants that you can use in your Japanese gardens. The main thing to keep in mind is that you should never over-water your plants. They need to have a sufficient amount of water for them to thrive and grow healthily.

Japanese Quince

If you are looking for a beautiful evergreen Japanese garden plant then you may want to try the Japanese quince. This is a deciduous vine that has a single leaf that blooms in spring. This is a traditional Japanese garden plant that is used for shade and as a barrier against harsh winds.

Of course, flowers are an important part of any Japanese garden design. There are many flowers that can be included in traditional Japanese gardens. Roses are a very common choice for this type of garden, as they are known to grow fast and be very eye catching. Other common flowers include the sunflowers, hydrangeas, camellias and boxwood. Boxwood being one of the most expensive of the traditional Japanese garden plants but its beauty is something that is hard to resist.

As far as trees go there are many species of maple, oak and pine available. These trees are perfect for the traditional Japanese gardens as they grow fast and have strong branches that will protect the flowers from the harsher elements. Other popular trees for Japanese gardens include maple trees, fruit trees and flowering cherry trees. The Japanese are known to like the smell of these types of trees and will often place these in their flowerbeds.

Bottom Line

Most people like to choose trees and shrubs that have foliage that is short and colorful, but you do not have to follow this rule. If you prefer a colorless tree or shrub then you can also find these in Japanese gardens. The foliage on these trees and shrubs are kept short to allow them to be easily kept green in the hot summer months, and long enough so that they can grow up to be tall enough to shade most of the other plants in the garden.

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